If you have tendonitis or pain on the TOPS of your feet, cramping on the BOTTOMS of your feet, shin splints or a strained/pulled soleus muscle then you are going to LOVE this. (And those are just a FEW of the things this technique can help with).
TOOLS NEEDED: Lacrosse ball and 25+lb weight plate (most gyms have both of these).
Please take the necessary steps to do this with the same equipment I’m using in the video, because I want you to get the BEST result, and you will NOT get the same result using a tennis ball, golf ball, soft ball or any ball without a weight plate.
Let’s look at some anatomy shall we? (Hello my fellow body/anatomy nerds!)
Remember, it’s the FASCIA we’re after in terms of releasing tissue, not any particular muscle(s).
The muscles are important though because they indicate which direction(s) the tissues move in terms of shortening and lengthening and acting on various joints – and it’s where and how the tissues are being asked to move combined with the fascial restrictions within the muscle groups that is what creates the pain patterns I’m about to talk about.
Otherwise known as the “shin muscle,” tibialis anterior (or TA for short) attaches laterally at the top of the tibia, near the knee, and (via its distal tendon) attaches to the medial cuneiform (a bone on the inside of the foot) and first two metatarsals (which lead to the big toe bones).
Got BIG TOE issues? This is definitely something to check!
TA dorsiflexes the ankle and inverts the foot.
All three peroneal muscles attach to the fibula and metatarsals of the foot.
Here is where things get interesting: all three of these muscles evert the foot, but two peroneal muscles – fibularis or peroneus longus and fibularis or peroneus brevis – plantarflex the foot while fibularis or peroneus tertius dorsiflexes it!
So between tibialis anterior and the peroneals all acting on the foot in opposing ways, it’s no surprise that if the fascia gets clogged, tight, dehydrated or stuck…ANY of these actions of the foot could become confused leading to dysfunction (or pain) anywhere downstream of the knee – the ankle and retinaculum, the tops of the feet and toes, the plantar fascia, pain with eversion or inversion…and possibly pain upstream as well, due to gait changes or how the ankle affects the knee which affects the hip, etc.
When the fascia within TA (tibialis anterior) is restricted, dehydrated or knotted up, it can pull on the bottoms of the foot. This is ONE reason it can cause cramping on the bottoms of the foot.
The OTHER reason is due to reciprocal inhibition: TA and the gastronomic muscle (the posterior calf muscle) are opposing muscle groups. One (TA) performs dorsiflexion or flexing the foot at the ankle towards the shin. The other (gastrocs) perform plantar flexion, or flexing the foot downward, toes pointed, like a ballerina.
If you ask the gastrocs to contract to point your toes, the TA must lengthen to allow this movement, and if it is shortened or restricted something will prevent you from completing the movement, and it’s often cramping on the bottoms of the foot.
It’s my opinion that tendonitis happens most frequently due to fascial restrictions, which causes a lack of blood flow, nerve ennervation and general irritation of an area that isn’t as free or nourished (by blood) as it needs to be to feel healthy.
You can clearly see from the above picture how the fascial “line” of the tibialis anterior and peroneals (not to mention the extensors of the toes, which reside here also) lead to the tops of the feet, via the retinaculum – that white connective tissue wrapping the ankle.
The theory or science here is pretty simple: the fascia within that lateral compartment gets dehydrated and stuck to itself, blood stops flowing as well through the area and retinaculum to the tops of the feet, which become irritated and no longer function optimally.
This area is not the ONLY area that contributes to shin splints, so if you’re looking for complete relief please see my ONE stretch post by clicking here.
My personal theory on shin splints, which occur most often in runners (but not always, you might be a martial artist or dancer and that wouldn’t surprise me in the least) is that all the fascia within the lower leg compartment is getting restricted, dehydrated and brittle and has LOST ITS SPRING.
When you run or do any kind of impact sport, your fascia can no longer absorb the pounding and your BONES take the hit. I have another post on this theory if you want more information (click here). I won’t be going into detail on any of these patterns today, since there are a lot here!
This has to do with reciprocol inhibition, and if you want more detailed information that, click here. Basically, if you’ve strained or pulled your soleus muscle, the first place I would look as the culprit is the TA/peroneals, which can inhibit the soleus and cause a stretch reflex.
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